He defined with this statement self-actualizing people. Self-actualization was first coined by Abraham Maslow. He explained it like this: “A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. This is the need we may call self-actualization … It refers to man’s desire for fulfillment, namely to the tendency for him to become actually in what he is potentially: to become everything that one is capable of becoming …”
In 1943 the psychologist Abraham Maslow wrote the article “A Theory of Human Motivation” where he described his pyramid of hierarchy of needs.
According to Maslow human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs and they have to satisfy lower needs before they can act unselfishly.
The lowest needs are the physiological – such as food and sleep. Next are safety needs such as living in a safe area. Then social needs such as friendships. Lastly are esteem needs such as self-respect and attention. After satisfying all these needs people can achieve self-actualization such as truth and wisdom.
According to Maslow enlightened persons living a very simple and unsafe life can’t achieve wisdom and truth.
We can have safety but without esteem the satisfying of this need remains empty. A life struggling with basic needs but filled with esteem and self-esteem achieves easily wisdom and truth.
Esteem is interweaving our whole life.